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The lantern shark's light switch: turning shallow water crypsis into midwater camouflage
Claes, J.M.; Mallefet, J. (2010). The lantern shark's light switch: turning shallow water crypsis into midwater camouflage. Biol. Lett. 6(5): 685-687.
In: Biology Letters. Royal Society Publishing: London. ISSN 1744-9561; e-ISSN 1744-957X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 291709 [ OMA ]

    Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    bioluminescence; chromatophore; Etmopterus spinax; lantern shark;midwater fish; photophore

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    Bioluminescence is a common feature in the permanent darkness of the deep-sea. In fishes, light is emitted by organs containing either photogenic cells (intrinsic photophores), which are under direct nervous control, or symbiotic luminous bacteria (symbiotic photophores), whose light is controlled by secondary means such as mechanical occlusion or physiological suppression. The intrinsic photophores of the lantern shark Etmopterus spinax were recently shown as an exception to this rule since they appear to be under hormonal control. Here, we show that hormones operate what amounts to a unique light switch, by acting on a chromatophore iris, which regulates light emission by pigment translocation. This result strongly suggests that this shark's luminescence control originates from the mechanism for physiological colour change found in shallow water sharks that also involves hormonally controlled chromatophores: the lantern shark would have turned the initial shallow water crypsis mechanism into a midwater luminous camouflage, more efficient in the deep-sea environment.

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