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Equilibrium partitioning theory to predict the sediment toxicity of the anionic surfactant C12-2-LAS to Corophium volutator
Rico-Rico, A.; Temara, A.; Hermens, J. (2009). Equilibrium partitioning theory to predict the sediment toxicity of the anionic surfactant C12-2-LAS to Corophium volutator. Environ. Pollut. 157(2): 575-581. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.08.018
In: Environmental Pollution. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0269-7491, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate; Equilibrium partitioning; Sorption;Sediment toxicity

Authors  Top 
  • Rico-Rico, A.
  • Temara, A., more
  • Hermens, J.

Abstract
    The study of the effect of the sorption of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) on the bioavailability to marine benthic organisms is essential to refine the environmental risk assessment of these compounds. According to the equilibrium partitioning theory (EqP), the effect concentration in water-only exposure will be similar to the effect concentration in the sediment pore water. In this work, sorption and desorption experiments with two marine sediments were carried out using the compound C12-2-LAS. The effect of the sediment sorption on the toxicity of benthic organisms was studied in water-only and in sediment bioassays with the marine mud shrimp Corophium volutator. In addition, three common spiking methods were tested for its application in the toxicity tests, as well as the stability of the surfactant during the water-only and sediment–water test duration. LC50 values obtained from water-only exposure showed a good correspondence with the pore water concentrations calculated from the sorption and desorption isotherms in the spiked sediments.

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