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Growth and population dynamic model for the non-zooxanthellate temperate solitary coral Leptopsammia pruvoti (Scleractinia, Dendrophylliidae)
Goffredo, S.; Caroselli, E.; Mattioli, G.; Zaccanti, F. (2010). Growth and population dynamic model for the non-zooxanthellate temperate solitary coral Leptopsammia pruvoti (Scleractinia, Dendrophylliidae). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 157(12): 2603-2612. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-010-1522-5
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Goffredo, S.
  • Caroselli, E.
  • Mattioli, G.
  • Zaccanti, F.

Abstract
    In corals where complex life history processes decoupling age from size (e.g., fragmentation, fusion, partial colony mortality) are rare or clearly detectable, individual age may be determined from size, and age-based growth and population dynamic models may be applied. One example is the solitary Mediterranean coral Leptopsammia pruvoti Lacaze-Duthiers 1897, whose population size and structure, and growth rates were determined at Calafuria (43°28'N and 10°20'E), Ligurian Sea, from December 2007 to June 2009. Growth rate decreased with increasing size. The growth curve derived from field measurements confirmed the one obtained by growth band analysis. The frequency of individuals decreased exponentially with age, indicating a steady state population. Turnover time was 2.3 years. Maximum life span was 13 years. Most reproductive output was from intermediate age classes (6 years), while older individuals (>7 years), although having higher fecundity, were rare and accounted for a minority of population reproductive output. In comparison with other solitary dendrophylliids, L. pruvoti life strategy was characterized by a reproduction with r-strategy correlates (high fecundity, short embryo incubation, small planula size, fast achievement of sexual maturity), and a rate of demographic renewal occurring halfway along the r–K continuum (intermediate turnover time and maximum longevity).

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