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Glacial melting: an overlooked threat to Antarctic krill
Fuentes, V.; Alurralde, G.; Meyer, B.; Aguirre, G.E.; Canepa, A.; Wölfl, A.-C.; Hass, H.C.; Williams, G.N.; Schloss, I.R. (2016). Glacial melting: an overlooked threat to Antarctic krill. NPG Scientific Reports 6(27234). hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep27234
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Fuentes, V.
  • Alurralde, G.
  • Meyer, B.
  • Aguirre, G.E.
  • Canepa, A.
  • Wölfl, A.-C.
  • Hass, H.C.
  • Williams, G.N.
  • Schloss, I.R.

Abstract
    Strandings of marine animals are relatively common in marine systems. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We observed mass strandings of krill in Antarctica that appeared to be linked to the presence of glacial meltwater. Climate-induced glacial meltwater leads to an increased occurrence of suspended particles in the sea, which is known to affect the physiology of aquatic organisms. Here, we study the effect of suspended inorganic particles on krill in relation to krill mortality events observed in Potter Cove, Antarctica, between 2003 and 2012. The experimental results showed that large quantities of lithogenic particles affected krill feeding, absorption capacity and performance after only 24 h of exposure. Negative effects were related to both the threshold concentrations and the size of the suspended particles. Analysis of the stomach contents of stranded krill showed large quantities of large particles (>106µm3), which were most likely mobilized by glacial meltwater. Ongoing climate-induced glacial melting may impact the coastal ecosystems of Antarctica that rely on krill.

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