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The role of transport processes of particulate mercury in modifying marine anthropogenic secondary sources, the case of Haifa bay, Israel
Bareket, M.M.; Bookman, R.; Katsman, R.; de Stigter, H.; Herut, B. (2016). The role of transport processes of particulate mercury in modifying marine anthropogenic secondary sources, the case of Haifa bay, Israel. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 105(1): 286–291. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.02.014
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Mercury; Marine sediment; resuspension; Mediterranean; Anthropogenic pollution

Authors  Top 
  • Bareket, M.M.
  • Bookman, R.
  • Katsman, R.
  • de Stigter, H., more
  • Herut, B.

Abstract
    We have assessed the redistribution of a secondary source of sedimentary anthropogenic mercury in the Haifa bay (HB) area (SE Levantine basin), which is the northern sink for Nile-driven sand. A long-term (30 years) ~ 80% decrease of the total sedimentary mercury concentrations (THg) was recorded in the inner bay, while an up to 3-fold increase was recorded in the top sediments of the outer bay. Sedimentary THg depth profiles and their temporal variability were used to model the main re-distribution processes, mainly resuspension associated with winter storm-derived transport. This mechanism transforms a secondary, sandy and well-aerated sink into a tertiary, more silty and hypoxic source at adjacent peripheral areas, affecting mercury bioavailability. We revisited the concept of environmental relaxation, i.e. the rate of return of a polluted environment to an acceptable state, showing that sedimentary transport processes may affect the associated ecological risks, mainly at shallow-water coastal sites.

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