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Loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) matrilines in the Mediterranean: further evidence of genetic diversity and connectivity
Garofalo, L.; Mingozzi, T.; Mico, A.; Novelletto, A. (2009). Loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) matrilines in the Mediterranean: further evidence of genetic diversity and connectivity. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 156(10): 2085-2095. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-009-1239-5
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Garofalo, L.
  • Mingozzi, T.
  • Mico, A.
  • Novelletto, A.

Abstract
    We re-sequenced 815 bp of the mtDNA of loggerhead turtles from a population nesting in Calabria (southern Italy), which was found recently. Non-invasive sampling was applied and information on deposition date and place was used to avoid possible resampling of nesting females. Among 38 nests laid by independent females, we found the common haplotype CC-A2.1 (57.9%) and two other haplotypes which have never been described in Mediterranean nesting grounds, CC-A20.1 (36.8%) and CC-A31.1 (5.3%). Calabria harbors the highest intra-population diversity among 11 Mediterranean nesting populations. Our findings narrow the gap between haplotypes recorded in feeding grounds and those found in nesting grounds. Analyses of population structure show a strong maternal isolation, with Calabria and east Turkey displaying far more diversity than expected considering their census size. These observations suggest that recurrent female founder effects from sources yet to be identified in the Atlantic or in the Mediterranean may have shaped the pattern of mtDNA diversity in this latter basin. Our results provide evidence that the Ionian Calabrian sites should be protected because of the high diversity found there.

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