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Prolonged exposure to low dissolved oxygen affects early development and swimming behaviour in the gastropod Nassarius festivus (Nassariidae)
Chan, H.Y.; Xu, W.Z.; Shin, P.K.S.; Cheung, S.G. (2008). Prolonged exposure to low dissolved oxygen affects early development and swimming behaviour in the gastropod Nassarius festivus (Nassariidae). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 153(4): 735-743. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-007-0850-6
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Chan, H.Y.
  • Xu, W.Z.
  • Shin, P.K.S.
  • Cheung, S.G.

Abstract
    Effects of low dissolved oxygen on early development and swimming behaviour of veliger larvae of the scavenging gastropod Nassarius festivus were studied. Embryonic development was significantly delayed when dissolved oxygen level was reduced to 3.0 mg O2 l-1 and no embryo hatched successfully at 0.5 mg O2 l-1. Veliger larvae hatched at 4.5 mg O2 l-1 had significantly smaller velar lobe, shell length and shell width. Median 48-h LC50 value of the veliger larvae was estimated at 1.25 mg O2 l-1 with lower swimming speed (swimming velocity and dispersal velocity) being recorded for the survivors exposed to reduced oxygen levels. The percentage of veliger larvae that developed into crawling juveniles was significantly reduced and metamorphosis was delayed at 4.5 mg O2 l-1 whereas all larvae at 3.5 mg O2 l-1 died before they underwent metamorphosis. Juveniles developed at 4.5 mg O2 l-1 were also smaller than those at 6.0 mg O2 l-1. Results indicated that dissolved oxygen levels well above hypoxia levels (2.8 mg O2 l-1) have already had significant impact on the hatching success and larval development in gastropods, which may lead to long-term decreases in population growth.

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