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Regional patterns of microsatellite variation in Mytilus galloprovincialis from the Iberian Peninsula
Diz, A.P.; Presa, P. (2008). Regional patterns of microsatellite variation in Mytilus galloprovincialis from the Iberian Peninsula. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 154(2): 277-286.
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162; e-ISSN 1432-1793, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Diz, A.P.
  • Presa, P.

    The Almería-Oran Oceanographic Front (AOOF) has been proposed as an effective marine barrier to gene flow between the NE Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea for several species. Previous studies using allozymes and mitochondrial DNA have reported a scenario of secondary intergradation between populations of Mytilus galloprovincialis from those basins, with the allelic frequencies of some loci showing abrupt clinal patterns across the AOOF. In this study, we aimed at testing the congruence between six neutral polymorphic microsatellites versus previous data on allozymes and mtDNA-RFLPs, at depicting the population structure of this species in the Iberian Peninsula. Microsatellite genotyping was scored on 17 samples of mussels collected in the Iberian coast, including some areas not sampled before. Microsatellites exhibited larger intrabasin diversity (F SC = 1.72%, H¯¯¯¯¯E±SD=0.772±0.154), similar interbasin differentiation (F CT = 2.81%) and fewer allelic clines than allozymes or mtDNA haplotypes. These results fully support the scenario of secondary intergradation with some ongoing gene flow between basins, as proposed in previous analyses. Moreover, this congruence between markers and analyses separated by a 12-year period (1988–2000) confirm the temporal stability of this marine barrier at shaping the Iberian phylogeographic break in M. galloprovincialis. In addition, the genetic continuity between the NE Atlantic (Portugal) and the Alboran Sea seems to be warranted across the Gulf of Cadiz and the Gibraltar strait after the present microsatellite data.

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