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Feeding ecology of the grooved tiger shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan (Decapoda: Penaeidae) in inshore waters of Qatar, Arabian Gulf
Al-Maslamani, I.; Le Vay, L.; Kennedy, H.; Jones, D.A. (2007). Feeding ecology of the grooved tiger shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan (Decapoda: Penaeidae) in inshore waters of Qatar, Arabian Gulf. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 150(4): 627-637. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-006-0346-9
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Al-Maslamani, I.
  • Le Vay, L.
  • Kennedy, H.
  • Jones, D.A.

Abstract
    The feeding ecology of the green tiger shrimp Penaeus semisulcatus was studied in inshore fishing grounds off Doha, Qatar, using a combination of stable isotope (d13C and d15N) analysis and gut contents examination. Samples of post-larvae, juvenile and adult shrimp and other organisms were collected from intertidal and subtidal zones during the spawning season (January–June). Shrimp collected from shallow water seagrass beds were mostly post-larvae and juveniles and were significantly smaller than the older juveniles and adults caught in deeper macroalgal beds. Gut content examination indicated that post-larvae and juvenile shrimp in seagrass beds fed mainly on benthos such as Foraminifera, polychaetes, benthic diatoms and small benthic crustaceans (amphipods, isopods and ostracoda), whereas larger shrimp in the macroalgal beds fed mainly on bivalve molluscs and to a lesser extent polychaetes. In shrimp from both seagrass and algal beds, unidentifiable detritus was also present in the gut (18, 32%). d13C values for shrimp muscle tissue ranged from -9.5 ± 0.26 to -12.7 ± 0.05‰, and d15N values increased with increasing shrimp size, ranging from 4.1 ± 0.03 to 7.7 ± 0.11‰. Both d15N values and d13C values for shrimp tissue were consistent with the dietary sources indicated by gut contents and the d13C and d15N values for primary producers and prey species. The combination of gut content and stable isotope data demonstrates that seagrass beds are important habitats for post-larvae and juvenile P. semisulcatus, while the transition to deeper water habitats in older shrimp involves a change in diet and source of carbon and nitrogen that is reflected in shrimp tissue stable isotope ratios. The results of the study confirm the linkage between sensitive shallow water habitats and the key life stages of an important commercially-exploited species and indicate the need for suitable assessment of the potential indirect impacts of coastal developments involving dredging and land reclamation.

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