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Molecular population structure of the kuruma shrimp Penaeus japonicus species complex in western Pacific
Tsoi, K.H.; Chan, T.Y.; Chu, K.H. (2007). Molecular population structure of the kuruma shrimp Penaeus japonicus species complex in western Pacific. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 150(6): 1345-1364.
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162; e-ISSN 1432-1793, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Tsoi, K.H.
  • Chan, T.Y.
  • Chu, K.H.

    In a previous study on the kuruma shrimp Penaeus japonicus from the South China Sea, we detected high genetic divergence between two morphologically similar varieties (I and II) with distinct color banding patterns on the carapace, indicating the occurrence of cryptic species. In the present study, we clarify the geographical distribution of the two varieties in the western Pacific by investigating the genetic differentiation of the shrimp from ten localities. Two Mediterranean populations are also included for comparison. Based on the mitochondrial DNA sequence data, the shrimps are separated into two distinct clades representing the two varieties. Variety I comprises populations from Japan and China (including Taiwan), while variety II consists of populations from Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Singapore and the Philippines), Australia and the Mediterranean. Population differentiation is evident in variety II, as supported by restriction profiles of two mitochondrial markers and analysis of two microsatellite loci. The Australian population is genetically diverged from the others, whereas the Southeast Asian and Mediterranean populations show a close genetic relationship. Variety I does not occur in these three localities, while a small proportion of variety II is found along the northern coast of the South China Sea and Taiwan, which constitute the sympatric zone of the two varieties. The present study reveals high genetic diversity of P. japonicus. Further studies on the genetic structure of this species complex, particularly the populations in the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean, are needed not only to understand the evolutionary history of the shrimp, but also to improve the knowledge-based fishery management and aquaculture development programs of this important biological resource.

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