|Photosynthesis in Codium fragile (Chlorophyta) from a Nova Scotia estuary: responses to desiccation and hyposalinity|Kim, K.Y.; Garbary, D.J. (2007). Photosynthesis in Codium fragile (Chlorophyta) from a Nova Scotia estuary: responses to desiccation and hyposalinity. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 151(1): 99-107. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-006-0459-1
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
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Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides from Caribou Harbour, an estuarine site in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence, was extremely tolerant to stresses from desiccation and reduced salinity. Photosynthetic responses of both rhizomatous and erect growth forms were measured using pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) fluorometry of chlorophyll a fluorescence to determine effective quantum yield (FPSII) and relative electron transport rate (rETR). After 5 h of desiccation, thalli lost 20% of their mass, but still showed high levels of FPSII. Thalli survived for at least 6 h in freshwater, and showed virtually complete recovery of photosynthetic capacity within a few hours of return to full seawater. Immersion in 8 psu showed virtually complete recovery until the 24 h treatment period. Combining desiccation and salinity stresses produced a synergistic effect, but plants still showed strong recovery even after 86% dehydration and reimmersion in 16 psu. These results suggest that the photosynthetic physiology of Codium fragile is highly adapted to growth in estuarine conditions.