|An economic and institutional analysis of the multi-port gateway regions in the Black Sea basin|
Grushevska, K.; Notteboom, T.E. (2014). An economic and institutional analysis of the multi-port gateway regions in the Black Sea basin. J. Int. Logist. Trade 12(2): 3-35
In: Journal of International Logistics and Trade. Jungseok Research Institute of International Logistics and Trade: Incheon. ISSN 1738-2122, more
Black Sea, Containers, Gateway, Hinterland, Port system development, Terminal
The concept of multi-port gateway region has been introduced by Notteboom (2010) and has been applied to important seaport markets such as Europe and Asia. However, the dynamics and port development patterns in secondary multi-port gateway regions, such as the Black Sea region, have received far less attention in academic literature. An empirical application of established spatial and functional development models to such secondary port regions might substantiate the external validity of these models as these ports operate in a different spatial, economic and institutional environment. The aim of the paper is to characterize the spatial dynamics of container ports of the Black Sea multi-port gateway regions by testing the validity of established spatial models on port system development. Furthermore, the expected future evolution path for port hierarchy in the Black Sea basin is discussed. By doing so, the paper assesses to what extent the Black Sea port region is following an expected development path as portrayed in a number of port system development models, or alternatively, can be characterized as an atypical port system following its own development logic.