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Biological traits of three closely related species of Pycnoclavella (Ascidiacea) in the Western Mediterranean
Perez-Portela, R.; Palacín, C.; Duran, S.; Turon, X. (2007). Biological traits of three closely related species of Pycnoclavella (Ascidiacea) in the Western Mediterranean. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 152(5): 1031-1038.
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162; e-ISSN 1432-1793, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Perez-Portela, R.
  • Palacín, C.
  • Duran, S., more
  • Turon, X.

    The reproductive cycles and abundance of the sympatric colonial ascidians Pycnoclavella brava, Pycnoclavella aurilucens and Pycnoclavella communis from two Northwestern Mediterranean sites over a period of 2.5 years are reported. The species showed some differences in their biological patterns. Gonad maturation and larval brooding took place during autumn and early winter for P. communis, during spring for P. aurilucens and during late winter and spring for P. brava. Summer was found to be the unfavorable season for all species, and an aestivation period occurred in P. communis and P. brava. Maximum abundance for the three species was observed during winter. Growth rates of the most abundant species, P. communis, were also monitored and found to peak during the initial phases of reactivation after aestivation. Growth rates decreased afterwards, becoming negative as water temperature started to increase after the winter minima. Reproductive activity and growth rates for P. communis displayed a temporal lag that suggested partitioning of resources to either reproduction or growth in this species.

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