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Population genetic structures of the fissiparous seastar Coscinasterias acutispina in the Sea of Japan
Haramoto, S.; Komatsu, M.; Yamazaki, Y. (2006). Population genetic structures of the fissiparous seastar Coscinasterias acutispina in the Sea of Japan. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 149(4): 813-820. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-005-0163-6
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Haramoto, S.
  • Komatsu, M.
  • Yamazaki, Y.

Abstract
    The morphological characteristics and the population genetic structures of the fissiparous seastar Coscinasterias acutispina were investigated for eight sites in the Sea of Japan in order to clarify the presence of sexual and asexual reproduction. Morphological observation based on arm length showed that fission was common at all eight sites examined, indicating the likely production of clonal individuals. A random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) marker was used to detect clones arising by fission and to assess gene flow among sites. A simulation approach using RAPD data revealed the presence of clonal individuals at almost all sites, suggesting the existence of asexual reproduction. The result of phylogenetic analysis according to RAPD genotype showed no relationship between genetic and geographic distances. Considering the limited movement ability of seastar species during the adult phase, these observations suggest the existence of marked gene flow among sites, due to dispersal of planktonic larvae produced by sexual reproduction. These observations suggest that multi-locus genotypic compositions depend on the relative amounts of recruitment from sexual and asexual reproduction in each population.

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