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Acute exposure to naphthalene reduces oxyregulating capacity of the brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, subjected to progressive hypoxia
Zou, E.; Stueben, B. (2006). Acute exposure to naphthalene reduces oxyregulating capacity of the brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, subjected to progressive hypoxia. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 149(6): 1411-1415. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-006-0294-4
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Zou, E.
  • Stueben, B.

Abstract
    The brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, in the northern Gulf of Mexico is faced with dual stresses of environmental hypoxia, which occurs as a result of oxygen depletion from microbial decomposition of organic materials from algal blooms, and pollution from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from petroleum and gas production on the continental shelf of the northern Gulf of Mexico. This study investigated the effect of naphthalene, a PAH, on oxyregulating capacity of P. aztecus, when shrimps were subjected to progressive hypoxia. It was found that P. aztecus is an oxyregulator with a critical oxygen concentration of 2.53 mg/l at 19–21°C, below which the animal becomes an oxyconformer. Acute exposure to naphthalene at 2.0 mg/l significantly reduced the oxyregulating capacity by 112%. This is the first report on the alteration of an aquatic animal’s oxyregulating capacity by a PAH. Possible mechanism for the impaired oxyregulation in the presence of naphthalene was discussed.

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