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Otolith size-at-hatch reveals embryonic oxygen consumption in the zebrafish, Danio rerio
Bang, A.; Grønkjær, P. (2005). Otolith size-at-hatch reveals embryonic oxygen consumption in the zebrafish, Danio rerio. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 147(6): 1419-1423. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-005-0037-y
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Bang, A.
  • Grønkjær, P.

Abstract
    Otoliths have frequently been used to reconstruct growth histories in larval, juvenile and adult fish. However, there is growing evidence that otolith growth is directly determined by metabolic intensity and, consequently, only indirectly related to somatic growth. By performing measurements of oxygen consumption rate and other early life-history traits on individual eggs of zebrafish (Danio rerio), we found that oxygen consumption explained residual variance in otolith size that is not accounted for by egg size. Total oxygen consumption during the embryonic stage explained 34% of the variance in sagitta size at hatch, whereas larval size at hatch (as a proxy for growth during the embryonic period) was not significantly correlated with sagitta size. This strongly suggests that otolith growth is directly related to metabolic rate, and yields a mechanism that may explain recent observations of a link between otolith size at hatch and viability in larval fish.

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