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Tail beat frequency as a predictor of swimming speed and oxygen consumption of saithe (Pollachius virens) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) during forced swimming
Steinhausen, M.F.; Steffensen, J.F.; Andersen, N.G. (2005). Tail beat frequency as a predictor of swimming speed and oxygen consumption of saithe (Pollachius virens) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) during forced swimming. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 148: 197-204. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-005-0055-9
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Steinhausen, M.F.
  • Steffensen, J.F.
  • Andersen, N.G.

Abstract
    Oxygen consumption and tail beat frequency were measured on saithe (Pollachius virens) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) during steady swimming. Oxygen consumption increased exponentially with swimming speed, and the relationship was described by a power function. The extrapolated standard metabolic rates (SMR) were similar for saithe and whiting, whereas the active metabolic rate (AMR) was twice as high for saithe. The higher AMR resulted in a higher scope for activity in accordance with the higher critical swimming speed (U crit) achieved by saithe. The optimum swimming speed (U opt) was 1.4 BL s-1 for saithe and 1.0 BL s-1 for whiting with a corresponding cost of transport (COT) of 0.14 and 0.15 J N-1 m-1. Tail beat frequency correlated strongly with swimming speed as well as with oxygen consumption. In contrast to swimming speed and oxygen consumption, measurement of tail beat frequency on individual free-ranging fish is relatively uncomplicated. Tail beat frequency may therefore serve as a predictor of swimming speed and oxygen consumption of saithe and whiting in the field.

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