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Population biology of hyperbenthic crustaceans in a cold water environment (Conception Bay, Newfoundland). I. Mysis mixta (Mysidacea)
Richoux, N.B.; Deibel, D.; Thompson, R.J. (2004). Population biology of hyperbenthic crustaceans in a cold water environment (Conception Bay, Newfoundland). I. Mysis mixta (Mysidacea). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 144(5): 881-894. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-003-1249-7
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Richoux, N.B.
  • Deibel, D.
  • Thompson, R.J.

Abstract
    Seasonal population dynamics of Mysis mixta Lilljeborg were studied from December 1998 to November 2000 at a 240 m deep site in Conception Bay, Newfoundland. At this depth, temperature was <0°C and salinity between 32.0 and 34.0 psu year-round. The spring phytoplankton bloom began in early or late March and reached a maximum in late April to mid-May. M. mixta exhibited a highly synchronised life cycle, with spawning and mating occurring in October to November, embryos brooded for ~5 months, and juveniles released during spring bloom sedimentation in April and May. Females were semelparous and died at age 2.5 years, following release of juveniles in spring, whereas the majority of mature males died at age 2 years, following mating in November. The biennial life cycle of this population resulted in the presence of two cohorts in the hyperbenthos at any given time. Variation in density and biomass was low among cohorts but high within cohorts, the latter probably due to the high motility of mysids. Densities in 1999 and 2000 were 242±379 and 544±987 ind. per 100 m3 (mean±SD), respectively. Although growth rates were similar between years, rates measured from changes in dry mass differed both seasonally and among life-history stages (range from -4 to 7 mg month-1). Annual secondary production was estimated at 29–73 mg C m-2 in 1999 and 53–205 mg C m-2 in 2000. The annual P/B ratios were 1.62 and 1.19 in 1999 and 2000, respectively.

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