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Early recognition of sediment during settlement of Eupolymnia nebulosa (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) larvae
Duchêne, J.C. (2004). Early recognition of sediment during settlement of Eupolymnia nebulosa (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) larvae. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 145(1): 79-85. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-004-1303-0
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
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    Marine

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  • Duchêne, J.C., more

Abstract
    Analysis of the displacements and activity of larval stages of the terebellid polychaete Eupolymnia nebulosa were carried out on different sediment types collected in the Bay of Banyuls-sur-Mer (western Mediterranean). Results indicated sediment recognition by the larvae. Time devoted to exploration and settlement trials were significantly longer when sediments of similar granulometry had been previously reworked by adults. There were increased responses of settling larvae if the tentacles of adults of the same species had previously been in contact with the tested sediment. The early settlement activity was stronger at the sediment boundaries and increased in the coarse sediment. Our results suggest that larvae are able to recognize biologically bioturbed sediments and modify their behaviour accordingly. There is a larval settlement before the competent stage. Possible consequences of early settlement and the limitation of dispersal in Eupolymnia nebulosa larvae are discussed together with the results of automated measurements of early larval swimming.

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