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Relationship between growth and biochemical indices in laboratory-reared juvenile Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), and its application to wild fish
Fukuda, M.; Sako, H.; Shigeta, T.; Shibata, R. (2001). Relationship between growth and biochemical indices in laboratory-reared juvenile Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), and its application to wild fish. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 138(1): 47-55. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s002270000431
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Fukuda, M.
  • Sako, H.
  • Shigeta, T.
  • Shibata, R.

Abstract
    In order to estimate growth rates based on biochemical indices of the liver of wild Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), juveniles were reared at six ration levels (0, 0.5, 2, 4, 6 and 8%?body weight day-1) in the laboratory for 14?days, and the relationship between their growth rates and biochemical indices (RNA/DNA, protein/DNA, triglyceride/DNA, phospholipid/DNA and cathepsin?D activities) were determined. Positive and approximately linear relationships were seen between growth rates and the indices of RNA/DNA, protein/DNA and phospholipid/DNA. The triglyceride/DNA ratio decreased with increasing growth rates up to approximately 1%?body weight day-1, then increased linearly with increasing growth rates. There was no significant correlation between growth rates and cathepsin?D activity, and the highest values were obtained in the starved fish. Compared with laboratory-reared specimens, wild specimens of similar sizes were found to have significantly larger livers. The RNA/DNA, protein/DNA and phospholipid/DNA ratios of wild specimens fell in a broad range between ration groups of reared juveniles. The protein/DNA ratios of wild specimens were low and outside the range of the reared juveniles at six ration levels. In contrast, the levels of cathepsin?D activity of wild fish were highest compared to the reared fish. Estimated growth rates of wild fish from the RNA/DNA, protein/DNA and phospholipid/DNA regressions obtained from the rearing experiment were 1.66, -1.74 and 0.10%?day-1, respectively. Based on our results, the RNA/DNA index may be regarded as the most valid and reliable growth estimator. It is noted that the larger liver size, the lower liver protein/DNA ratio and the unexpectedly high level of cathepsin?D activities of wild specimens found in this study may reflect the different metabolic conditions of fish reared in the laboratory compared to those collected in the field.

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