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Growth of zooxanthellae in culture with two nitrogen sources
Taguchi, S.; Kinzie III, R.A. (2001). Growth of zooxanthellae in culture with two nitrogen sources. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 138(1): 149-155. hdl.handle.net/ 10.1007/s002270000435
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Taguchi, S.
  • Kinzie III, R.A.

Abstract
    Physiological characteristics of zooxanthellae were examined under nutrient-saturated conditions created by mixing ammonium (15NH4) with nitrate (15NO3) to give 0.88?mM total nitrogen. Growth rate varied with the form of nitrogen provided. Ammonium alone resulted in the lowest C:N and C:chl-a ratios. Although zooxanthellae took up nitrate in the absence of ammonium, ammonium assimilation was 1.3 times higher than nitrate assimilation. Ammonium strongly inhibited nitrate assimilation. While high-ammonium treatments resulted in the highest 14C incorporation into intermediate compounds, high nitrate levels resulted in the highest 14C incorporation into protein, suggesting that the intermediate compounds are produced prior to the subsequent production of protein when ammonium is the dominant N source. The enhanced production of intermediate compounds at the expense of carbon directed to protein synthesis in the presence of ammonium might be analogous to the “host factor” observed in zooxanthellae–host symbioses, since growth rate is depressed due to low production of protein.

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