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Selective accumulation of mycosporine-like amino acids in ovaries of the green sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis is not affected by ultraviolet radiation
Adams, N.L.; Shick, J.M.; Dunlap, W.C. (2001). Selective accumulation of mycosporine-like amino acids in ovaries of the green sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis is not affected by ultraviolet radiation. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 138(2): 281-294. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s002270000464
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Adams, N.L.
  • Shick, J.M.
  • Dunlap, W.C.

Abstract
    Field sampling and laboratory experiments examined whether ultraviolet radiation (UVR) affects the reproduction or the accumulation of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) and ascorbic acid in ovaries of the green sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (Müller). Ovaries of sea urchins sampled across a depth gradient (0.5–10?m) in March 1998 did not differ in their gonadal index, or in concentrations of MAAs, or ascorbic acid. Concentrations of MAAs and ascorbic acid in ovaries were higher in sea urchins collected from a kelp bed compared with those collected from a community of crustose coralline algae. The concentrations of MAAs in ovaries varied seasonally, peaking in March, when sea urchins had high gonadal indices just before spawning. Ovaries of sea urchins maintained on controlled diets from October 1997 to April 1998 accumulated significantly higher concentrations of MAAs when fed a diet rich in MAAs than did ovaries of sea urchins fed an alga lacking MAAs, but the gonadal indices did not differ between diets. Sea urchins accumulated principally one MAA, shinorine, but not others that were available in high concentrations in their diet. Neither the gonadal index nor the ovarian concentrations of MAAs were affected by daily exposure of adult urchins to UVR for 6?months. Concentrations of ascorbic acid in ovaries did not differ among diets or UV-treatments. The percentages of nutritive phagocytes and gametic cells were not affected by diet or UVR, and did not co-vary with concentrations of MAAs or ascorbic acid in ovaries. These data support previous demonstrations that female sea urchins accumulate MAAs from their diet of macroalgae, but further show that the accumulation is selective for specific MAAs, particularly shinorine, and that adult S. droebachiensis do not accumulate MAAs in their ovaries or eggs in response to UV-exposure. These are also the first experimental studies to address whether MAAs are affected by or regulate gametogenesis, and indicate that they do not.

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