|Otolith record of age, growth, and ontogeny in larval and pelagic juvenile Stephanolepishispidus (Pisces: Monacanthidae)|Rogers, J.S.; Hare, J.A.; Lindquist, D.G. (2001). Otolith record of age, growth, and ontogeny in larval and pelagic juvenile Stephanolepishispidus (Pisces: Monacanthidae). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 138(5): 945-953. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s002270000521
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Rogers, J.S.
- Hare, J.A.
- Lindquist, D.G.
Juveniles of the planehead filefish Stephano-lepishispidus (Pisces: Monacanthidae) (Linnaeus, 1766) are a major component of the Sargassum spp. community, yet little is known of their ecology. In this study, the otolith record of age, growth, and ontogeny in S. hispidus was examined. Juveniles caught off Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina (USA) on 30 June 1996 were marked with alizarin complexone and reared in a flow-through, outdoor tank for up to 19?days. Examination of marked otoliths at several time intervals showed that increment formation was not significantly different than one increment per day, and thus, increment number was used to estimate age. Depth-distribution, morphology, and meristics of larvae and juveniles collected (1990–1992) between Cape Romain, South Carolina, and Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, were examined to identify the timing of the larval to juvenile transition. All indicators suggested the transition occurred between 17 and 20?days. Mean otolith increment widths exhibited a marked change at about 20?days, coinciding with the timing of the larval to juvenile transition and a change in the depth distribution from bottom to surface waters. Increment width of individual juveniles, however, did not exhibit the same pattern; only 40% conformed to the pattern identified for all fish. Thus, the record of the larval to juvenile transition is clear at the population level, but unresolved at the individual level.