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The amphipod Corophium multisetosum (Corophiidae) in Ria de Aveiro (NW Portugal). I. Life history and aspects of reproductive biology
Cunha, M.R.; Sorbe, J.C.; Moreira, M.H. (2000). The amphipod Corophium multisetosum (Corophiidae) in Ria de Aveiro (NW Portugal). I. Life history and aspects of reproductive biology. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 137(4): 637-350. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s002270000384
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Cunha, M.R.
  • Sorbe, J.C.
  • Moreira, M.H.

Abstract
    The population of Corophium multisetosum Stock, 1952 in Areão displayed a semiannual, iteroparous life history. Mean longevity was ~6?mo, with the estimated life span longer for overwintering individuals born in autumn than for individuals born in spring. Length-frequency data indicated that the length increment per moult is probably higher in males than females; however females moulted more frequently and achieved a larger body size. Preliminary growth rates were 100?µm?d-1 for juveniles and 19 to 29?µm?d-1 for mature females, with the lower values occurring during the winter. It was estimated that under favourable conditions females may attain reproductive size and mature within 1?mo. Although incubating females were present all year round, recruitment occurred in spring, almost ceased during the summer, peaked in autumn, and decreased again during the winter. Extreme temperatures and very low salinities during winter and summer may have deterred breeding, while moderate temperatures (15 to 20?°C) and salinities > 1?psu in spring and autumn were apparently favourable for reproduction. The unfavourable summer conditions constrained breeding and synchronised the timing of reproduction. In late-autumn and during the winter, as temperature decreased and brooding time increased, synchrony was progressively lost. Brood size varied as a function of embryonic developmental stage, size of incubating females, and season. The life-history pattern and reproductive features of C. multisetosum in Areão are closely related to temperature and salinity; other environmental conditions such as oxygen content of the water and food availability may also be relevant.

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