IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Ediacaran discs from South America: probable soft-bodied macrofossils unlock the paleogeography of the Clymene ocean
Arrouy, M.J.; Warren, L.V.; Quaglio, F.; Poiré, D.G.; Simões, M.G.; Rosa, M.B.; Gomez Peral, L.E. (2016). Ediacaran discs from South America: probable soft-bodied macrofossils unlock the paleogeography of the Clymene ocean. NPG Scientific Reports 6(30590): 10 pp. hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep30590
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Arrouy, M.J.
  • Warren, L.V.
  • Quaglio, F.
  • Poiré, D.G.
  • Simões, M.G.
  • Rosa, M.B.
  • Gomez Peral, L.E.

Abstract
    The origin, affinity and paleoecology of macrofossils of soft-bodied organisms of the terminal Ediacaran Period have been highly debated. Previous discoveries in South America are restricted to small shelly metazoans of the Nama Assemblage. Here we report for the first time the occurrence of discoidal structures from the Upper Ediacaran Cerro Negro Formation, La Providencia Group, Argentina. Specimens are preserved in tabular sandstones with microbially-induced sedimentary structures. Flute marks and linear scours at the base of the sandstone layers indicate deposition under high energy, episodic flows. Stratigraphic, sedimentologic, petrographic and taphonomic analyses indicate that the origin of these structures is not related to abiotic process. Preservational and morphological features, as invagination and the presence of radial grooves, indicate that they resemble typical morphs of the Aspidella plexus. The large number of small-sized individuals and the wide range of size classes with skewed distribution suggest that they lived in high-density communities. The presence of Aspidella in the Cerro Negro Formation would represent the first reliable record of Ediacaran soft-bodied organisms in South America. It also supports the paleogeographic scenario of the Clymene Ocean, in which a shallow sea covered part of the southwest Gondwana at the end of the Ediacaran.

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors