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Evidence for Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary bolide “impact winter” conditions from New Jersey, USA
Vellekoop, J.; Esmeray-Senlet, S.; Miller, K.G.; Browning, J.V.; Sluijs, A.; van de Schootbrugge, B.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Brinkhuis, H. (2016). Evidence for Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary bolide “impact winter” conditions from New Jersey, USA. Geology (Boulder Colo.) 44(8): 619-622.
In: Geology. Geological Society of America: Boulder. ISSN 0091-7613; e-ISSN 1943-2682, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Vellekoop, J., more
  • Esmeray-Senlet, S.
  • Miller, K.G.
  • Browning, J.V.
  • Sluijs, A.
  • van de Schootbrugge, B.
  • Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., more
  • Brinkhuis, H., more

    Abrupt and short-lived “impact winter” conditions have commonly been implicated as the main mechanism leading to the mass extinction at the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary (ca. 66 Ma), marking the end of the reign of the non-avian dinosaurs. However, so far only limited evidence has been available for such a climatic perturbation. Here we perform high-resolution TEX86 organic paleothermometry on three shallow cores from the New Jersey paleoshelf, (northeastern USA) to assess the impact-provoked climatic perturbations immediately following the K-Pg impact and to place these short-term events in the context of long-term climate evolution. We provide evidence of impact-provoked, severe climatic cooling immediately following the K-Pg impact. This so-called “impact winter” occurred superimposed on a long-term cooling trend that followed a warm phase in the latest Cretaceous.

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