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Phytoplankton, bacterial production and protozoan bacterivory in stratified, brackish-water Lake Shira (Khakasia, Siberia)
Kopylov, A.I.; Kosolapov, D.B.; Degermendzhy, N.N.; Zotina, T.A.; Romanenko, A.V. (2002). Phytoplankton, bacterial production and protozoan bacterivory in stratified, brackish-water Lake Shira (Khakasia, Siberia). Aquat. Ecol. 36(2): 205-217
In: Aquatic Ecology. Springer: Dordrecht; London; Boston. ISSN 1386-2588, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Chemosynthesis; Lakes; Nannoplankton; Oxygen; Photosynthesis; Stratification; PNE, Russia, Siberia

Authors  Top 
  • Kopylov, A.I.
  • Kosolapov, D.B.
  • Degermendzhy, N.N.
  • Zotina, T.A.
  • Romanenko, A.V.

Abstract
    Rates of oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis, chemoautotrophic and heterotrophic bacterial production and protozoan bacterivory were measured in the pelagic zone of the stratified brackish-water lake with the purpose to determine the vertical distribution of these processes and to estimate their significance in the functioning of planktonic community of the lake. In midsummer, total daily primary productivity was about 1.3 g C m-2, of which 72% was produced by the phytoplankton, 24% by the chemoautotrophic bacteria, and only 4% by the phototrophic sulphur bacteria. Thus anoxygenic photosynthesis is a negligible source of organic matter in the lake. The production of heterotrophic bacteria averaged 1.5 g C m-2 d-1 and exceeded the total photosynthesis of phytoplankton and photosynthetic bacteria by a factor of 1.5. The estimated total primary production was too low to sustain the bacterial production. Probably the carbon cycle in the lake is dependent on the input of allochthonous organic matter. As a rule, the maximal rates of primary production and heterotrophic bacterial production were found in the chemocline or at the upper boundary of the chemocline. Heterotrophic flagellates dominated among the protozoan populations and were the major consumers of the bacterioplankton production in the lake. They showed maximal ingestion rates from 2.3 to 2.9 mg C m-3h-1 at the upper boundary of the chemocline, where they consumed from 50 to 54% of the production of heterotrophic bacteria. Data obtained indicate that in Lake Shira the oxic-anoxic interface is the site of the most intensive production and mineralization of organic matter.

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