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Morphology and fluorescence of the parapodial light glands in Tomopteris helgolandica and allies (Phyllodocida: Tomopteridae)
Gouveneaux, A.; Flood, P.R.; Erichsen, E.S.; Olsson, C.; Lindström, J.; Mallefet, J. (2017). Morphology and fluorescence of the parapodial light glands in Tomopteris helgolandica and allies (Phyllodocida: Tomopteridae). Zool. Anz. 268: 112-125. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.jcz.2016.08.002
In: Zoologischer Anzeiger. Gustav Fischer Verlag: Jena. ISSN 0044-5231, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Bioluminescence; Marine
Author keywords
    Pelagic annelid; Rosette gland; Hyaline gland; Chromophile gland; Tubular gland

Authors  Top 
  • Gouveneaux, A., more
  • Flood, P.R.
  • Erichsen, E.S.
  • Olsson, C.
  • Lindström, J.
  • Mallefet, J., more

Abstract
    The histology of putative light organs in the parapodia of five species of Tomopteris (pelagic annelids) is examined and compared using light, epifluorescence and scanning electron microscopy. The structural homology of rosette glands in the parapodial pinnae of the tail-bearing species T. helgolandica and T. pacifica, and hyaline glands of the tail-less species T. carpenteri, T. planktonis and T. septentrionalis is highlighted. However, the rosette glands point towards the ramus of the coelomic cavity inside the parapodia, whereas the hyaline glands point towards the surrounding water and penetrate the pinnal surface on the posterior side of the parapodia. Further, in order to assess the photogenic properties of rosette glands from T. helgolandica, we analysed the distribution and the temporal dynamics of their endogenous fluorescence in isolated parapodia in response to light emission induced by KCl and carbachol. The gradual extinction of bioluminescence was combined to the centrifugal spread of fluorescence from the core of the gland. We suggest this fluorescence to be produced by a “breakdown” product of the chemiluminescent reaction. Finally, both gland types probably evolved from a common light-emitting structure and differentiated along a functional and migrational axis extending from endocrine secretion close to the coelomic ramus to exocrine secretion close to the lateral margin of the pinna.

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