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Predator-prey interactions in the plankton: larval fish feeding on evasive copepods
Jackson, J.M.; Lenz, P.H. (2016). Predator-prey interactions in the plankton: larval fish feeding on evasive copepods. NPG Scientific Reports 6(33585): 11 pp. hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep33585
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Amphiprion ocellaris Cuvier, 1830 [WoRMS]; Parvocalanus crassirostris (Dahl F., 1894) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Jackson, J.M.
  • Lenz, P.H.

Abstract
    Capture success and prey selectivity were investigated in clownfish Amphiprion ocellaris larvae using videography. Three prey types were tested using developmental stages (nauplii, copepodites and adults) of the copepod Parvocalanus crassirostris. Predatory abilities improved rapidly between days 1 and 14 post-hatch. Initially, capture success was limited to nauplii with few attacks on larger stages. Captures of copepodites were first observed at 3 dph, and of adults at 8 dph. Consistent strikes at the larger prey were observed on the day prior to successful captures (2 dph for copepodites, 7 dph for adults). Difference in capture success between nauplii and adults at 8 dph was an order of magnitude. Differences in capture success among prey types persisted but decreased to three-fold by 14 dph. Younger A. ocellaris attacked nauplii preferentially and avoided adult prey. Strike selectivity declined with age, and no selectivity was observed after 10 dph. However, numerically 50% of the ingested prey were still nauplii at 14 dph under the experimental conditions.

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