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Low-molecular-weight organoiodine and organobromine compounds released by polar macroalgae - The influence of abiotic factors
Laturnus, F.; Giese, B.; Wiencke, C.; Adams, F.C. (2000). Low-molecular-weight organoiodine and organobromine compounds released by polar macroalgae - The influence of abiotic factors. Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 368(2-3): 297-302. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002160000491
In: Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry. Springer-Verlag: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0937-0633, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Laturnus, F.
  • Giese, B.
  • Wiencke, C.
  • Adams, F.C.

Abstract
    The influence of temperature, light, salinity and nutrient availability on the release of volatile halogenated hydrocarbons was investigated in the Antarctic red macroalgal species Gymnogongrus antarcticus Skottsberg. Compared to standard culture condition, an increase in the release rates of iodocompounds was generally found for the exposure of the alga to altered environmental conditions. Macroalgae exhibited higher release rates after adaptation for two months to the changed factors, than after short-term exposure. Monitoring the release rates during a 24 h incubation period (8.25 h light, 15.75 h darkness) showed that changes between light and dark periods had no influence on the release of volatile halocarbons. Compounds like bromoform and 1-iodobutane exhibited constant release rates during the 24 h period. The formation mechanisms and biological role of volatile organohalogens are discussed. Although marine macroalgae are not considered to be the major source of biogenically-produced volatile organohalogens, they contribute significantly to the bromine and iodine cycles in the environment. Under possible environmental changes like global warming and uncontrolled entrophication of the oceans their significance may be increase.

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