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Ultrastructure of sea urchin calcified tissues after high-pressure freezing and freeze substitution
Ameye, L.; Hermann, R.; Dubois, P. (2000). Ultrastructure of sea urchin calcified tissues after high-pressure freezing and freeze substitution. J. Struct. Biol. 131(2): 116-125. dx.doi.org/10.1006/jsbi.2000.4278
In: Journal of structural biology. ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE: San Diego, Calif.. ISSN 1047-8477, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    mineralized tissues; biomineralization; freeze substitution; gallicacid; high-pressure freezing muscle; organic matrix; Paracentrotuslividus; pedicellaria; skeleton; tooth; ultrastructure

Authors  Top 
  • Ameye, L.
  • Hermann, R.
  • Dubois, P., more

Abstract
    The improvements brought by high-pressure freezing/freeze substitution fixation methods to the ultrastructural preservation of echinoderm mineralized tissues are investigated in developing pedicellariae and teeth of the echinoid Paracentrotus lividus. Three freeze substitution (FS) protocols were tested: one in the presence of osmium tetroxide, one in the presence of uranyl acetate, and the last in the presence of gallic acid. FS in the presence of osmium tetroxide significantly improved cell ultrastructure preservation and should especially be used for ultrastructural studies involving vesicles and the Golgi apparatus. With all protocols, multivesicular bodies, suggested to contain Ca2+, were evident for the first time in skeleton-forming cells. FS in the presence of gallic acid allowed us to confirm the structured and insoluble character of a part of the organic matrix of mineralization in the calcification sites of the tooth, an observation which modifies the current understanding of biomineralization control in echinoderms.

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