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Aspartate carbamoyltransferase from a psychrophilic deep-sea bacterium, Vibrio strain 2693: properties of the enzyme, genetic organization and synthesis in Escherichia coli
Xu, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Liang, Z.; Van de Casteele, M.; Legrain, C.; Glansdorff, N. (1998). Aspartate carbamoyltransferase from a psychrophilic deep-sea bacterium, Vibrio strain 2693: properties of the enzyme, genetic organization and synthesis in Escherichia coli. Microbiology 144: 1435-1441. hdl.handle.net/10.1099/00221287-144-5-1435
In: Microbiology. Society for General Microbiology: Reading. ISSN 1350-0872, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    aspartate carbamoyltransferase; psychrophiles; Vibrio

Authors  Top 
  • Xu, Y.
  • Zhang, Y.
  • Liang, Z.
  • Van de Casteele, M.
  • Legrain, C.
  • Glansdorff, N.

Abstract
    The aspartate carbamoyltransferase (ATCase) genes of psychrophilic Vibrio strain 2693 were cloned by complementation in Escherichia coli and the enzyme was partly characterized. The genes constitute a pyrBl operon homologous to the cognate structure in E. coli where pyrB and pyrl respectively encode the catalytic and the regulatory chains of ATCase. The strong sequence similarities noted between Vibrio and E. coli ATCases include extensive conservation of residues involved in interactions between subunits, suggesting that the two enzymes have very similar tertiary and quaternary structures. Vibrio ATCase is, however, not activated by ATP and not synergistically inhibited by CTP and UTP. It is also much more thermolabile than E. coli ATCase. With respect to Pyrococcus abyssi and E. coli ATCases, Vibrio ATCase presents marked differences in composition which could be related to its psychrophilic character. The results of these structural and functional comparisons indicate that Vibrio 2693 ATCase is a suitable model for biochemical studies on structure-function relationships in a ‘cold’ allosteric enzyme. The operon is expressed from a promoter which is immediately followed by a pyrimidine-rich leader ORF terminating within a putative transcription attenuator. These genetic and enzymic data strengthen the evolutionary relationship already noted between Vibrionaceae and Enterobacteriaceae.

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