|Intraspecific differentiation of Vibrio vulnificus biotypes by amplified fragment length polymorphism and ribotyping|
Arias, R; Verdonck, L; Swings, J; Garay, E; Aznar, R (1997). Intraspecific differentiation of Vibrio vulnificus biotypes by amplified fragment length polymorphism and ribotyping. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63(7): 2600-2606
In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. American Society for Microbiology: Washington. ISSN 0099-2240, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Arias, R
- Verdonck, L
- Swings, J
The intraspecific genomic relatedness of 80 Vibrio vulnificus isolates, 44 of biotype 1 and 36 of biotype 2, from different geographic origins and sources was evaluated by ribotyping and AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) fingerprinting, Ribopatterns of DNAs digested with KpnI and hybridized with an oligonucleotide complementary to a highly conserved sequence in the 23S rRNA gene revealed up to 19 ribotypes in the species, which were different for the two biotypes. Sixteen different ribotypes were found within biotype 1 strains from clinical and environmental sources, and only three, recovered mainly from diseased eels, were found within biotype 2, Within this biotype, 96% of the strains showed the same ribopattern, The closest similarity was shown by the strains coming from the same eel farm, irrespectively of biotype. AFLP fingerprints obtained by selective PCR amplification of HindIII-TaqI double-restricted DNA fragments exhibited a strain-specific pattern which allowed the finest differentiation of subgroups within the eel-pathogenic isolates sharing the same ribopattern. Both techniques revealed good genetic markers for intraspecific differentiation of V. vulnificus, Ribotyping clearly separated the eel-pathogenic strains from the clinical and environmental isolates, whereas AFLP enabled the monitoring of individual strains and therefore constitutes one of the most discriminative tools for epidemiological and ecological studies.