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Preparation and homogeneity study of a mussel candidate reference material for certification of organotin compounds
Quevauviller, P.; Chiavarini, S.; Cremisini, C.; Morabito, R.; Bianchi, M.; Muntau, H. (1995). Preparation and homogeneity study of a mussel candidate reference material for certification of organotin compounds. Microchim. Acta 120(1-4): 281-287.
In: Microchimica Acta. Springer Verlag: Wien; New York. ISSN 0026-3672, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords

Authors  Top 
  • Quevauviller, P.
  • Chiavarini, S.
  • Cremisini, C.
  • Morabito, R.
  • Bianchi, M.
  • Muntau, H.

    Organotin compounds are currently determined in various environmental matrices (in particular water, sediment and shellfish) to form the basis of control measures for the levels of contamination, as required in some EC Directives. Accurate measurements are a prerequisite for the enforcement of this legislation, which implies that good quality control of determinations should be ensured. One of the tools for achieving accuracy is to use certified reference materials (CRMs). With regard to tin species, however, CRMs are rather scarce and mainly concern sediment and fish matrices certified for their butyltin content. The present study deals with the preparation of a mussel candidate reference material and the verification of its homogeneity prior to the certification of the contents of butyl- and phenyl-tin compounds. 100kg of mussels (Mytilus edulis) were collected, carefully washed with fresh water in order to eliminate matrix salts and immediately frozen by immersion in liquid nitrogen. The mussels were shelled (in the frozen state) and the edible part was stored in thermally sealed polyethylene bags which were stored at −25 °C. The frozen material was ground in a Teflon-coated grinding mill, spread on sterilized flat trays and freeze-dried. The freeze-dried material was then ground for 15 days in a zirconia ball mill and sieved on a titanium sieve to separate the fibrous part. Successively, the material was mixed for 15 days under argon atmosphere in a special polyethylene-lined mixing drum and bottled in brown Pyrex-glass bottles. 21 bottles were selected during the course of the bottling procedure to verify the within- and between-bottle homogeneity of the overall batch. The within-bottle homogeneity was verified by determining the organotin (butyl- and phenyltins) content for subsamples of 500 mg in ten replicates from one bottle, whereas the between-bottle homogeneity was controlled by one organotin measurement from each of 20 bottles. The analyses were performed by GC-MS. The results showed that the homogeneity of the material makes it suitable as a candidate reference material.

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