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Recombinant protein fragments from haemorrhagic septicaemia rhabdovirus stimulate trout leukocyte anamnestic responses in vitro
Estepa, A.; Thiry, M.; Coll, J.M. (1994). Recombinant protein fragments from haemorrhagic septicaemia rhabdovirus stimulate trout leukocyte anamnestic responses in vitro. J. Gen. Virol. 75: 1329-1338. dx.doi.org/10.1099/0022-1317-75-6-1329
In: Journal of general virology. Cambridge University PressLondon: London. ISSN 0022-1317, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Estepa, A.
  • Thiry, M.
  • Coll, J.M.

Abstract
    This work shows that viral protein fragments are capable of stimulating fish anamnestic immunological responses in leukocytes from the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, W.). Recombinant protein fragments of glycoprotein and nucleoprotein from the rhabdovirus causing viral haemorrhagic septicaemia of trout (VHSV), were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, Yersinia ruckeri (a trout pathogen) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The recombinant protein fragments stimulated anamnestic responses in leukocyte cultures derived from the anterior kidney of survivors of VHSV infection but not from uninfected trout. Two types of stimulatory anamnestic responses were detected, (i) a stimulation of lymphoproliferation as measured by thymidine incorporation assays and (ii) an increase in number, spreading and size of cells as determined by fibrin-clot and/or flow cytometry techniques. The evidence presented suggests that both adherent and non-adherent trout cell populations are needed for the immunological response to VHSV in this primitive vertebrate. The possible use of in vitro lymphoproliferation assays as a preliminary screening method for candidate fish vaccines prior to their testing in vivo is discussed.

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