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Selective masking of M1-receptors in calf retina membranes by the venom of the marine snail Conus tessulatus
Czerwiec, E.; De Backer, J.-P.; de Potter, W.; Vauquelin, G. (1993). Selective masking of M1-receptors in calf retina membranes by the venom of the marine snail Conus tessulatus. Neurochemistry International 23(1): 79-85. dx.doi.org/10.1016/0197-0186(93)90146-V
In: Neurochemistry International. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD: Oxford. ISSN 0197-0186, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Czerwiec, E.
  • De Backer, J.-P.
  • de Potter, W.
  • Vauquelin, G.

Abstract
    The non discriminatory antagonist [3H]QNB labels M1- and M2-muscarinic receptors in calf retina membranes. Crude venom from the marine gastropod Conus tessulatus produces a partial decrease in [3H]QNB binding. The total number of sites (560 ± 13 fmol/mg protein in control experiments) decreases to 370 ± 10 fmol/mg protein whereas the affinity of the radioligand is unaffected (KD = 0.42 ± 0.01 nM and 0.46 ± 0.02 nM, respectively). This process is venom concentration-dependent, quasi-irreversible, and calcium-dependent. Proteolytic activity can not be detected.The partial effect of the venom is related to preferential masking of the M1-receptors. Competition curves of the M1-selective antagonist pirenzepine are shallow in control experiments: 45% of the receptors are of the M1-type (Ki = 45 ± 6 nM) while the remaining are of the M2-type (Ki = 1.0 ± 0.2 μM). In venom-treated membranes, only a low affinity site (M2-receptors, Ki = 1.5 ± 0.4 μM) is detected by pirenzepine competition binding. Saturation binding experiments reveal that the venom causes a substantial decrease in the number of high affinity sites for [3H]pirenzepine without affecting its KD (23 ± 4 nM and 20 ± 6 nM in control- and venom-treated membranes respectively). The venom produces a leftward shift of the carbachol/[3H]QNB competition binding curve, but the ability of 0.1 mM GTP to confer a rightward shift of the competition curve is not affected. These data suggest that the venom from Conus tessulatus contains one or more components which specifically shield part of the M1-receptors (75% in calf retina membranes), leaving the M2-receptors and their functional coupling to G proteins unaffected.

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