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Some aspects of glycoprotein metabolism in Acetabularia: Spatio‐temporal activity of β‐galactosidase and physiological effects of tunicamycin
Vanden Driessche, T.; Lause, P.; Guisset, J.-L.; Glory, M.; Petiau-de Vries , G.M. (1992). Some aspects of glycoprotein metabolism in Acetabularia: Spatio‐temporal activity of β‐galactosidase and physiological effects of tunicamycin. Journal of Interdisciplinary Cycle Research 23(4): 237-251. hdl.handle.net/10.1080/09291019209360184
In: Journal of Interdisciplinary Cycle Research. Swets & Zeitlinger: Amsterdam. ISSN 0022-1945, more

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Keywords
    Acetabularia J.V.Lamouroux, 1812 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    GLYCOPROTEIN METABOLISM; ACETABULARIA; CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS;BETA-GALACTOSIDASE; TUNICAMYCIN; MORPHOGENESIS

Authors  Top 
  • Vanden Driessche, T.
  • Lause, P.
  • Guisset, J.-L.
  • Glory, M.
  • Petiau-de Vries , G.M.

Abstract
    β‐galactosidase has been chosen as an indicator of glycoprotein metabolism in Acetabularia, an unicellular and uninucleate green alga. This catabolic enzyme was quantified by fluorecence spectrometry. It was found at all developmental stages, but the activity levels differed, peaking at the end of the growth phase, at the time of cap morphogenesis initiation, β‐galactosidase activity is also subjected to periodic modulation, displaying a bimodal rhythm with a prominent peak at 16 h. The distribution of the enzyme was examined by cytochemistry, using a substrate analogue (X‐gal). It is present both in the cytoplasm and in the cell wall. No apico‐basal gradient was detectable. The physiological role of glycoproteins was assessed with tunicamycin, an inhibitor of N‐linked glycoprotein synthesis. Two pulses of 3 or 4 h of inhibitor (10 μg ml‐1) always inhibited growth, but more severely during the light period. One pulse may inhibit growth during the light period and stimulate it during the dark one; it may also have little effect, in both periods. Cap formation is inhibited between time 0 and 7. During the dark or subjective dark period, it is often stimulated or not affected. The same results were obtained in constant light. Cap formation is also inhibited in anucleate algae treated during the light period.

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