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Initial stages of tunic morphogenesis in the ascidian Halocynthia: a fine structural study
Lübbering, B.; Nishikata, T.; Goffinet, G. (1992). Initial stages of tunic morphogenesis in the ascidian Halocynthia: a fine structural study. Tissue Cell 24(1): 121-130. dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-8166(92)90086-M
In: Tissue and cell. Oliver and Boyd: Edinburgh. ISSN 0040-8166, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    HALOCYNTHIA; ASCIDIAN; TUNIC; ULTRASTRUCTURE; CYTOCHEMISTRY; EMBRYOLOGY

Authors  Top 
  • Lübbering, B.
  • Nishikata, T.
  • Goffinet, G., more

Abstract
    Tunic morphogenesis in embryos of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi was examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. For this purpose it was necessary to modify the classical embedding procedure. Soon after reaching the initial tail-bud stage, tunic deposition is initiated on the dorsal side of the embryo. As soon as the embryo is completely covered by the tunic, larval fins are formed. The test cells settle onto the embryo. At this stage only the outer cuticle and the outer tunic compartment have appeared. Tunic morphogenesis is accompanied by ultrastructural modifications of the epidermis characteristic of secreting cells. Cytochemical investigations reveal polysaccharide glycogen-like material in the lumen of epidermal lacunae and in the outer compartment of the tunic. Our observations strongly suggest that this material is stored in the lacunae and discharged into the outer compartment. The significance of fluffy osmiophilic material that appears at the early tail-bud stage and enlaces the whole embryo is discussed.

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