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Patterns of glutamate-like immunoreactive bipolar cell axons in the retina of the marine teleost, the dragonet
Van Haesendonck, E.; Missotten, L. (1991). Patterns of glutamate-like immunoreactive bipolar cell axons in the retina of the marine teleost, the dragonet. Vision Res. 31(3): 451-462. dx.doi.org/10.1016/0042-6989(91)90097-O
In: Vision Research. Elsevier: Oxford; New York. ISSN 0042-6989, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    RETINA; BIPOLAR CELLS; INNER PLEXIFORM LAYER; GLUTAMATE;IMMUNOCYTOCHEMISTRY; TELEOST

Authors  Top 
  • Van Haesendonck, E.
  • Missotten, L.

Abstract
    Oblique 1-mu-m-sections through the dorsal inner plexiform layer of the light-adapted dragonet retina were processed for postembedding, silver-enhanced immunogold labeling after incubation with a glutamate-specific antiserum. Light microscopy showed strongly immunolabeled boutons grouped into distinct square patterns. These patterns were compared with the successive grids of bipolar axonal boutons revealed by electron microscope analysis of serial, oblique sections through the entire dorsal inner plexiform layer. With one exception, all types of patterned bipolar synaptic boutons could be clearly identified in the immunoreactive staining pattern. The elevated levels of endogenous glutamate in most bipolar synaptic boutons suggest that the large majority of bipolar cell types use glutamate as their neurotransmitter. However, some bipolar synaptic boutons displaying low levels of glutamate indicate that a small number of bipolar cells may contain another neuroactive substance.

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