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Climate-driven range shifts within benthic habitats across a marine biogeographic transition zone
Mieszkowska, N.; Sugden, H.E. (2016). Climate-driven range shifts within benthic habitats across a marine biogeographic transition zone. Adv. Ecol. Res. 55: 325–369. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.08.007
In: Advances in Ecological Research. Academic Press: London; New York. ISSN 0065-2504, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Biogeography; Climate change; Intertidal; Marine biodiversity; Range shift; Species distribution model; Time-series

Authors  Top 
  • Mieszkowska, N.
  • Sugden, H.E.

Abstract
    Anthropogenic climate change is causing unprecedented rapid responses in marine communities, with species across many different taxonomic groups showing faster shifts in biogeographic ranges than in any other ecosystem. Spatial and temporal trends for many marine species are difficult to quantify, however, due to the lack of long-term datasets across complete geographical distributions and the occurrence of small-scale variability from both natural and anthropogenic drivers. Understanding these changes requires a multidisciplinary approach to bring together patterns identified within long-term datasets and the processes driving those patterns using biologically relevant mechanistic information to accurately attribute cause and effect. This must include likely future biological responses, and detection of the underlying mechanisms in order to scale up from the organismal level to determine how communities and ecosystems are likely to respond across a range of future climate change scenarios. Using this multidisciplinary approach will improve the use of robust science to inform the development of fit-for-purpose policy to effectively manage marine environments in this rapidly changing world.

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