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Sequential determination of a combined gamma/ß and pure ß-emitter by gamma and liquid scintillation counting: application to the transport of metals across fish gills
Van Ginneken, L.; Blust, R. (1995). Sequential determination of a combined gamma/ß and pure ß-emitter by gamma and liquid scintillation counting: application to the transport of metals across fish gills. Analytical Biochemistry 224: 92-99
In: Analytical Biochemistry. Academic Press: San Diego, CA,. ISSN 0003-2697, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Van Ginneken, L.; Blust, R. (1995). Sequential determination of a combined gamma/ß and pure ß-emitter by gamma and liquid scintillation counting: application to the transport of metals across fish gills, in: IZWO Coll. Rep. 25(1995). IZWO Collected Reprints, 25: pp. chapter 57, more

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 136052 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Marine; Brackish water; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Van Ginneken, L.
  • Blust, R., more

Abstract
    A combined gamma scintillation/liquid scintillation technique for the sequential determination of two radioactive tracers is described. The method was developed using a combined gamma/ß-emitter (57Co) and a pure ß-emitter (45Ca). First, the 57Co radioactivity was determined by counting the samples in a gamma scintillation analyzer in the energy region 80-165 keV. Next, the samples were counted in a liquid scintillation analyzer. Only one energy region was used to count both isotopes to maximize the counting efficiencies. From the difference between quenched and unquenched ß-spectra, the counting region was set from 0 to 256 keV. The counting efficiency was related to a quench-indicating parameter (tSIE) for both nuclides by fitting a rectangular hyperbola to the quench data. By subtracting the 57Co counts from the observed counts in the total window, 45Ca dpm values were obtained. It is shown that the method presented gives reliable and consistent results. The recoveries of both isotopes are independent of the quench level in a large tSIE range, although five times more radioactivity is required for 45Ca than for 57Co to obtain accurate and reproducible results. The method has been used to study mechanisms of metal transport across biological interfaces.

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