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Evolutionary individual-based model for the recruitment of anchovy (Engraulis capensis) in the southern Benguela
Mullon, C.; Cury, P.; Penven, P. (2002). Evolutionary individual-based model for the recruitment of anchovy (Engraulis capensis) in the southern Benguela. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59(5): 910-922
In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences = Journal canadien des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques. National Research Council Canada: Ottawa. ISSN 0706-652X, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Recruitment; Spawning; Engraulis capensis Gilchrist, 1913 [WoRMS]; ASE, Benguela Current [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Mullon, C.
  • Cury, P.
  • Penven, P.

Abstract
    Evolutionary simulations are developed to explore environmental constraints that select observed spatial and temporal spawning patterns for anchovy (Engraulis capensis) in the southern Benguela. They couple a realistic three-dimensional hydrodynamic model with an individual-based model in which an evolutionary-based reproductive strategy for adult fish and a passive transport for early life stages are implemented. The evolutionary success of spawning is quantified when patterns at the population level emerge after many generations from constraints at the individual level through a selective process. As a result, several self-sustaining populations are identified considering different sets of selective constraints. Simulated spawning patterns better match the observed mean spawning pattern when two selective environmental constraints are associated: a threshold temperature of 14°C, above which the development of early life stages is ensured, and the avoidance of offshore currents that constitute a loss of spawning products. Simulated recruitment patterns are more realistic when considering the constraint of reaching the nursery area. This modeling experience can help to identify, temporally and spatially, environmental factors important for fish recruitment and to establish a hierarchy of these factors. The probable coexistence in nature of several self-sustaining populations of pelagic fishes is shown to be important for recruitment studies.

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