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Oxygen bioavailability and haemoglobins in the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana
De Wachter, B.; Blust, R.; Decleir, W. (1992). Oxygen bioavailability and haemoglobins in the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 113: 193-200
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article

Also published as
  • De Wachter, B.; Blust, R.; Decleir, W. (1992). Oxygen bioavailability and haemoglobins in the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana, in: (1992). IZWO Coll. Rep. 22(1992). IZWO Collected Reprints, 22: pp. chapter 14 [Subsequent publication], more

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Keywords
    Artemia franciscana Kellog, 1906 [WoRMS]; Marine

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Abstract
    Bioavailability of oxygen for the saline-water invertebrate Artemia franciscana was studied, since both oxygen concentration and oxygen diffusion rate change with salinity. Total haemoglobin concentration and the relative contribution of each of three haemoglobins was measured in specimens acclimated to different salinities and oxygen concentrations. Both haemoglobin concentration and contribution were influenced by salinity and the group observed (males, females with and females without eggs). Multiple regression analysis showed that total haemoglobin concentration was better correlated with oxygen concentration than oxygen partial pressure. The relative proportions of haemoglobins 1, 2 and 3 were better correlated with oxygen partial pressure than oxygen concentration. These results are related to the oxygen carrying capacity and oxygen affinity of the haemolymph. Our results show that oxygen bioavailability in a saline-water environment depends on the response (relative contribution of Hb1, Hb2 and Hb3 or total haemoglobin concentration) that is studied. They also show that oxygen concentration and oxygen partial pressure have a different physiological impact on brine shrimp.

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