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Life strategies in two bacterivorous marine nematodes: preliminary results
Moens, T.; Vierstraete, A.; Vincx, M. (1996). Life strategies in two bacterivorous marine nematodes: preliminary results, in: Dworschak, P.C. et al. (Ed.) Influences of Organisms on their Environment, the Role of Episodic Events: Proceedings of the 29th European Marine Biology Symposium Vienna, 29 August-2 September 1994. Marine Ecology (Berlin), 17(1-3): pp. 509-518
In: Dworschak, P.C.; Stachowitsch, M.; Ott, J.A. (Ed.) (1996). Influences of Organisms on their Environment, the Role of Episodic Events: Proceedings of the 29th European Marine Biology Symposium Vienna, 29 August-2 September 1994. Marine Ecology (Berlin), 17(1-3). Blackwell Science: Berlin. 568 pp., more
In: Marine Ecology (Berlin). Blackwell: Berlin. ISSN 0173-9565, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Moens, T.; Vierstraete, A.; Vincx, M. (1996). Life strategies in two bacterivorous marine nematodes: preliminary results, in: [s.d.] IZWO Collected Reprints. 26: pp. chapter 32, more

Available in Authors 
  • VLIZ: Proceedings [27757]
  • VLIZ: Open Repository 139611 [ OMA ]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Life history; Nematoda [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 

Abstract
    Temperature dependence of sex ratio and maximal densities of the estuarine, deposit-feeding nematodes Pellioditis marina (Rhabiditidae) and Diplolaimelloides meyli (Monhysteridae) were investigated in vitro. Both species are characteristic for organically enriched habitats. Data for competition culture experiments with both species are integrated with information from respiration measurements at different temperatures, and from observations on the influence of temperature and bacterial density on uptake rates. Sex ratio was significantly influenced by temperature in both species, with the highest relative numbers of males at the highest temperatures. Total numbers attained fluctuated only moderately in the 10 to 20°C interval, but increased and decreased highly significantly at 25°C for D. meyli and P. marina, respectively. Respiration at temperatures from 5°C to 30°C was measured with nematodes from monospecific cultures using a modified Clarck electrode procedure. Respiration was dependent upon temperature in the entire range for P. marina, but not for D. meyli, where only at 25°C a clear respiratory acceleration was observed. Feeding experiments with P. marina showed a dominant influence of bacterial density on uptake rates, with a lower but still significant temperature effect. These data are discussed in relation to the overall life strategies of both species.

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