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The distribution of fatty acids in gill phospholipids of the Chinese crab Eriocheir sinensis
Chapelle, S.; Péqueux, A. (1982). The distribution of fatty acids in gill phospholipids of the Chinese crab Eriocheir sinensis. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 10(1): 71-78. dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(82)90054-0
In: Biochemical systematics and ecology. Elsevier: Oxford; New York. ISSN 0305-1978, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Eriocheir sinensis; Crustacea; Decapoda; Chinese crab; anterior and posterior gills; cardiolipins; phospholipids; polyunsaturated fatty acids

Authors  Top 
  • Chapelle, S.
  • Péqueux, A.

Abstract
    The fatty acid composition of the different classes of phospholipids isolated from 10,000 g fractions of posterior and anterior gills of fresh water-acclimatized Chinese crabs (Enocheir sinensis) has been analysed by two-dimensional TLC and GLC. All the phospholipids, especially PE and DPG, contain large amounts of long chain, polyunsaturated fatty acids. In PC and PE of both the anterior and posterior gills, polyenic fatty acids (particularly the ω-3-acid family) were found to be mainly incorporated in the 2-positon of the glycerol molecule. The ω-3-fatty acids/ω-6-fatty acids ratio in each class of phospholipids is higher in the posterior gills than in the anterior ones. The sum of polyunsaturated fatty acids and the unsaturation index of DPG are more important in the posterior gills than in the anterior ones. It is suggested that negatively charged unsaturated DPG and that the contrast of activities of ω-6- and ω-3-acids found in phospholipids provide a suitable lipid environment for optimal activity of the transport mechanisms at work in posterior gills of the Chinese crab.

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