|Heterogeneity of chloroplasts in Acetabularia mediterranea. Heterogeneous distribution and morphology of chloroplast DNA|Lüttke, A. (1981). Heterogeneity of chloroplasts in Acetabularia mediterranea. Heterogeneous distribution and morphology of chloroplast DNA. Experimental Cell Research 131(2): 483-488. dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(81)90264-0
In: Experimental Cell Research. Elsevier Inc: San Diego. ISSN 0014-4827, more
A high percentage of chloroplasts in the siphonaceous green alga Acetabularia mediterranea lacks DNA: staining with the sensitive DNA-specific fluorochrome 4′-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) revealed that DNA was present only in 47–51% of the total plastid population. The distribution of DNA-containing chloroplasts appeared heterogeneous, exhibiting an apicobasal gradient. DNA could be detected in 64, 46, 35, and 36% of the plastids from the apical, subapical, middle, and basal part of the cell, respectively. DNA morphology also exhibited heterogeneity. Three types of nucleoid were distinguished: (1) round compact nucleoids; (2) long thin nucleoids characteristic of chloroplasts of the cell apex and the whorls; and (3) elaborate nucleoids appearing to consist of several subunits, which were more typical of the middle and basal part of the cell. On the basis of the nucleoid morphology and the decrease in DNA-containing plastids from the apex towards the basis of the cell, we propose a model for the development of plastids lacking DNA in relation to chloroplast replication.