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Histochemical detection of monoamine oxidase activity in smooth muscle and epithelial tissues of Mytilus edulis L. and Mytilus galloprovincialis LMK
Gilloteaux, J. (1979). Histochemical detection of monoamine oxidase activity in smooth muscle and epithelial tissues of Mytilus edulis L. and Mytilus galloprovincialis LMK. Acta Histochemica 65(1): 15-24. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/S0065-1281(79)80028-8
In: Acta Histochemica: Jena. ISSN 0065-1281, more
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    Marine

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  • Gilloteaux, J.

Abstract
    Monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was detected in the glio-interstitial tissue of the anterior byssus retractor muscle (ABRM) of Mytilus by the use of either dopamine or 5-HT as substrate and nitro blue tetrazolium salt as an electron receptor. Both substrates gave superimposable patterns. However, dopamine reactivity was very weak. Discrete but clear MAO activity was detected in the periphery or-the smooth muscle cell, i.e., at the level of the peripherally localized mitochondria. The presence of MAO in the epithelium of the buccal palps was also demonstrated.These histochemical observations can be correlated with certain ultrastructural aspects, in particular the presence electron dense organelles profiles in glio-interstitial cells. This MAO activity is discussed in relationship with the high 5-HT content of ABRM and the control of its relaxation.Pigment formation and/or collagen tanning are discussed in terms of a possible relationship with inactivation of biogenic amines. These results complement previous data concerning the gliointerstitial tissue found in close association with muscle and nerve structures.

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