|Use of the genus Artemia in ecotoxicity testing|In: Environmental Pollution. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0269-7491, more
Artemia; culture; cysts; bioassays; ecotoxicology
|Authors|| || Top |
- Nunes, B.S.
- Carvalho, F.D.
- Guilhermino, L.M.
- Van Stappen, G., more
Information related to varied uses of several species of the genus Artemia (commonly known as brine shrimp), is dispersed among literature from several scientific areas, such as Ecology, Physiology, Ecotoxicology, Aquaculture and Genetics. The present paper reviews information related to Artemia that may be considered relevant for ecotoxicity testing. Integration of different areas of scientific knowledge concerning biology, life cycle and environmental needs of Artemia is of crucial importance when considering the interpretation of results drawn from tests involving this genus. Furthermore, this paper provides suggestions to overcome problems related to toxicity assessment with the use of Artemia as test organism in bioassays, under the scope of estuarine, marine and hypersaline environments. Aspects related to variability in results, adoptable toxicity end-points, culture conditions, characteristics of species and strains, influence of geographical origins over physiological features and responses to exposure to chemical agents are considered.