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Pathogenicity of white spot syndrome virus on postlarvae and juveniles of Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei
Pérez, F.; Volckaert, F.A.M.; Calderón, J. (2005). Pathogenicity of white spot syndrome virus on postlarvae and juveniles of Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei. Aquaculture 250(3-4): 586-591. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.03.044
In: Aquaculture. Elsevier: Amsterdam; London; New York; Oxford; Tokyo. ISSN 0044-8486, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Penaeus vannamei Boone, 1931 [WoRMS]; White spot syndrome virus [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    breeding; challenge test; larval stages; survival; Penaeus vannamei;WSSV

Authors  Top 
  • Pérez, F.
  • Volckaert, F.A.M., more
  • Calderón, J., more

Abstract
    White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) has decimated the shrimp aquaculture around the world. Breeding efforts to generate resistant stocks are necessary but there is a lack of basic information on challenge test strategies focused on genetic selection. Infection routes and developmental stages were evaluated on Penaeus vannamei as a first step in a strategy to select white spot virus (WSSV)-resistant stocks. Mortalities could not be induced before the PL30 stage. The impact of infection by immersion and blended tissue was intermediate on mortalities when compared to the minced tissue treatment on PL30. Blended and minced tissue treatments produced the highest mortalities on PL40 while immersion was intermediate. A general tendency towards higher susceptibility associated with older stages was detected. Additionally, juveniles of 1 g average weight from three local breeding programs were challenged. There were no differences in survival between the programs, although two of them derived their progenies from survivors of strong WSSV events. The implications of these results to the WSSV epidemiological characteristics and breeding programs are discussed.

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