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Nitric oxide in control of luminescence from hatchetfish (Argyropelecus hemigymnus) photophores
Krönström, J.; Holmgren, S.; Baguet, F.; Salpietro, L.; Mallefet, J. (2005). Nitric oxide in control of luminescence from hatchetfish (Argyropelecus hemigymnus) photophores. J. Exp. Biol. 208(15): 2951-2961.
In: Journal of Experimental Biology. Cambridge University Press: London. ISSN 0022-0949; e-ISSN 1477-9145, more
Peer reviewed article  

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    Argyropelecus hemigymnus Cocco, 1829 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    Argyropelecus hemigymnus; bioluminescence; teleost fish; nitric oxide;nitric oxide synthase

Authors  Top 
  • Krönström, J.
  • Holmgren, S.
  • Baguet, F., more
  • Salpietro, L.
  • Mallefet, J., more

    Nitric oxide synthase-like immunoreactivity (NOS-LI IR) was detected by immunohistochemistry in ventral light organs of the mesopelagic fish, Argyropelecus hemigymnus. Strong NOS-LI IR was present in nerve fibres and in other cells central for production or modulation of light: immunoreactive fibres surrounded the photophores, and were also present in the filter area. Filter cells, particularly in the outer layers, showed strong IR throughout the cytoplasm. Pharmacological studies suggested that nitric oxide (NO) modulates adrenaline-stimulated light emission, and that the modulation is correlated to the ability of the light organ to respond to adrenaline. Adrenaline is known to produce two different types of light response in isolated photophores from Argyropelecus: a slow, long-lasting, high intensity response, or a fast and weak response of short duration. Incubation of photophores in the NO donors sodium nitroprusside or S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine prior to adrenaline stimulation reduced the intensity of the strong and long-lasting type of response, but had little or even a potentiating effect on the weakly responding photophores. Hydroxylamine, which is converted to NO if catalase activity is present in the tissue, reduced the duration and the intensity of the adrenaline response in all tested organs. The NOS-inhibitor l-thiocitrulline potentiated the adrenaline response in the weakly responding organs; the weaker the adrenaline effect, the stronger the potentiation caused by l-thiocitrulline. The strongly responding organs were instead inhibited by l-thiocitrulline. The results suggest that NO has an important role in the control of light emission from Argyropelecus hemigymnus photophores. The cGMP analogue dibutyryl cGMP, the guanylate cyclase inhibitor ODQ and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor pentoxiphylline had no effect, indicating that the NO effect does not involve cGMP.

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